Monthly Archives: March 2016

Glassworks History

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All through the history crystal fixtures have been utilized to finish the inside of imperative structures, for example, mansions and castles all around the globe. To buy a real precious stone light fixture is not an unconstrained shopping spend too much and picking the sort of glass and model can be entirely confounded. Is it true that you are the Strass, Swarovski, Bohemia, Italian or perhaps Egyptian sort? Every one of them has their own story so you won’t just purchase a bit of design, additionally a bit of history.

Egyptian glass

The most ancient of all glass workers came from Egypt. Archaeological evidence has shown that the earliest glass objects to be found were glass beads from approximately the year 1540 B.C. in Egypt. Studies have shown that the Egyptians were the first people to discover that sand and lead created beautiful crystals. Due to its historical value Egyptian crystal is considered one of the world’s finest types of glass.

Italian glass

Italian glass often refers to the Venetian glassmakers and Murano glass, their most famous products. The island of Murano, located off the shore of Venice, Italy became an important commercial port in the 7th century. However the Murano glassworkers were unknown until the 10th century. The glassworkers of Murano held monopoly on quality glass art for centuries and developed amongst others crystalline glass and multi-coloured glass. Today, the glass industry of Murano still employs these hundred year old techniques, and is seen of one of the world’s finest glass.

Bohemia Crystal

The history of the Bohemia Crystal tradition started early in the 12th century Kingdom of Bohemia, a historical region in central Europe that occupies the western two-thirds of the traditional Czech Lands. Bohemia was part of the former Czechoslovakia, now known as the Czech Republic.

The bohemian people started to transform wood fibres into glass works using only primitive methods. Bohemian glassworkers were first to discover that potash and chalk created a clear glass that exceeded the quality of Italian glassworks. Bohemian crystal quickly became famous for its excellent cut and engraving. Their technique empowered the Bohemia region with Prague as its capital city which became the main centre of this new glass art craft.

Well known crystal products are manufactured in the Czech Republic and Slovakia area. For such a product to carry the label “Bohemia Crystal” the entire product must be produced in the region. Additionally, it must pass strict quality standards which are imposed by the Czechs in order to be accredited with the trademark “Bohemia Crystal”. Bohemia Crystal is probably the most affordable in comparison to other glass brands.

Swarovski and Strass Crystal

Strass crystals are equivalent to rhinestone originally gathered as rock crystals from the river Rhine that flows from the Swiss Alps to the coast of the Netherlands. Crystal rhinestones are mostly used as jewellery, mainly produced by the brand Swarovski in Austria and by Preciosa from Northern Bohemia.

Swarovski and Strass crystal are almost equal in pricing, Strass being the more expensive of the two. In 1775 the jeweller Georg Friedrich Strass got the idea to use rhinestones to imitate diamonds by coating the glass with a metal powder making the strass crystal resistant to dirt and dust. Strass Crystal chandeliers are the most expensive of all crystal glass sorts due to this special coating and its precise cutting.

It is clear that glass worked chandeliers have amazed us throughout the history and it is still a symbol of wealth and exclusivity.

Management Colleges For Mba In Architecture Designing

A profound understanding of management courses with that of architecture course is essential for bringing forth the best of architecture into the business line. While for the most part, architecture is a blend of science and art, business pertains to bringing this art to the line where its creativity is admired and kept to its highest terms. The difference between potentially good trades as opposed to a fallacious trade-off can only be brought through appropriate management courses. It would be a good practice for an architect to opt for mba courses in order to gain the maximum from their respective architecture course.

Not only does professional mba courses is responsible for helping an architecture major to develop the necessary trading skills but it also helps in giving the person a better gist about the skills that are essential to turn the architecture course into a prominent business venture. MBA coaching classes are often beaming with the necessary skills that could turn a graduate from an architecture college into a prominent business magnate. Most of the courses include detailed analysis of the contemporary practices in the architecture as well as the management industry to bring forth the best of both the fields into one.

A typical business school offering management courses for architecture would include subjects that talk about management behaviour and processes pertaining to it. Furthermore, the course would include managerial economics, as well as the basics relevant to accounting to help architects discover the business potential that architecture has in the current times- things that an architecture college would miss out on. The papers also include managerial communication, the key to impress clientele and increasing the business ventures for the company. Furthermore, the management courses also deal with the business laws and ethics that make a business stand out from the others. It should be understood that architecture is all about the elements of designing, which is why the mba courses pertain to the space planning, as well as project management in order to bring forth the best results for the clientele.

Management would vary as per the real estate projects that come by. For instance, a housing project would require a different management approach as opposed to that of commercial projects. Management courses make sure that every aspect of architecture course is dealt with the elements of management. The integration of management along with architecture comes with equal opportunities to turn ones luck. Architects would require effective mba coaching classes in order to open themselves to the rules of management to carve out a specific place in architecture- a varied and yet a complementary association.

Outdoor Decor Is Not Complete Without Patio Garden Lighting

Patio garden lighting can help enhance the feel of one’s outdoor living area. A person can just get away from their hectic lives with a patio garden, but decorating that area can prove to be a challenge. One way to accent it is to have the right lighting.

Outdoor lighting can help to lighten a pathway and even to accent a garden that a person has so lovingly made. However, this type of lighting can be found with just the click of a mouse.

One of the first places a person can look for the perfect patio garden lighting is at their local retail store such as Wal-Mart or Lowe’s. Lowe’s website has a variety of perfect lighting for anyone’s patio. These home decor items can be found in lights that can light the path to the patio or lights that one can use to accent their patio furniture.

Very unique outdoor table lamps can be found for a very reasonable price at Lowe’s. Wal-Mart has a very unique lighting of this type for one’s outdoor space. The lights are luminaries that can project images such as a dragonfly or various contemporary shapes onto one’s patio garden.

These affordable lights are definitely art home decor that can make the patio garden feel as if it is an oasis from the everyday hustle and bustle. Another way that the patio garden can be enhanced with the perfect lightning is to use mounted lighting in the are that is to be enhanced. Kits can be bought that will allow a person to put lighted post caps on the tops of the deck patio fencing. This is something that can be personalized, and more than likely one will not be able to find these kits in a normal retail store.

However, if one does a quick search on the net, then they can find a kit to match what they are looking for. However, they are expensive, but the rewards are great. One of the shops online that offers are variety of these types of lights is HomeGardenAndPatio. This website provides several unique home decor items that can enhance anyone’s outdoor living space.

This type of lighting is the perfect addition to any outdoor living space that one may have. A person can personalize their living area outdoors with just a few sell placed accents including lights.

A person can enjoy their space at any time during the day or night with the right type of lighting. This is also an easy find for people who are looking for the perfect way to add to their little piece of outdoor heaven.

Turn your decorating ideas into a reality by visiting Mike Selvon portal, and learn more about lighting. Your feedback is much appreciated at our blog.

Patio Boxes- Perfect Additions to Outdoor Patio Accessories

There are a number of outdoor patio accessories on the market, one of the most popular being patio boxes. These come in a huge range of styles, sizes, colors, and price ranges. They can be purchased one at a time or purchased in sets depending on the shapes and sizes you want to invest in.

What are Patio Boxes Used For?

There are a variety of uses that patio boxes are used for. One of the most popular is for gardening reasons. They make perfect planters and because they come in different shapes and sizes, they can help you customize a unique garden area or create a floral feel on the patio. These kinds of boxes can also be used for storing toys, patio pillows, gardening tools and more.

These outdoor patio accessories can be purchase in the shape of a chest, and with a sitting pillow placed on top it can double as storage and seating. These patio boxes can also house pet food, swimming pool toys or blankets for winter time.

What are These Outdoor Patio Accessories Made Of?

Many patio boxes are made of rattan, teak or wicker. They can be stained to meet your color scheme needs once you purchase a light colored variety, or you can purchase your favorite boxes already in the color that will work for you. The most popular colors sold on the market are light brown, dark brown, and black.

Where to Find These Boxes

You don’t have to drive to the local brick and mortar store in order to find patio boxes that will meet your needs. Instead you can save time and even money shopping online. You can find a nice range of options to choose from at affordable prices and of high quality.

It is best to compare the different options you might find on a particular website, and you will want to make sure and click on the specific products being offered in order to get a better idea of what you can expect if you do decide to purchase.

A reliable and worthwhile web company will do what they can to find the patio boxes you might be looking for if they don’t happen to have it in stock, so don’t be afraid to ask for assistance if you don’t see what you are looking for.

Understand that if you want quality you should be prepared to invest in the you are interested in. If you opt for cheap, that is probably what you will get. This doesn’t mean that you have to spend a fortune to get what you are looking for, but finding a nice medium is a good way to go.

Is Carpet the Right Flooring for Your Home

Homeowners are inundated with more choices than ever before. From the exterior coating to the interior flooring, the choices are so numerous that it is easy to get overwhelmed with the sheer amount of options available to you as the consumer. The truth is that many of these newer home furnishing options don’t offer much improvement over the tried and true staples that have endured for generations. For example, what is more durable than the traditional brick exterior? Carry that question to the inside of your house: what is more comfortable and durable than carpet in Chandler, AZ? The answer: not much. But how can you determine whether carpet is right for your home? Continue reading for some helpful hints that can help you make that choice for yourself. What Do You Value? >

Carpeting offers a distinct advantage over other flooring options. There is a reason why carpet has been used in homes for decades, and those particular reasons are far too numerous to list here in full. Perhaps the most compelling reason to install carpet in your home is the fact that it is the only flooring to fully embrace comfort while offering a durable surface that can withstand heavy traffic. Your home should be a place that is supremely comfortable for you and your family, and carpeting is one of the best choices that you can make to promote that feeling of safety and comfort. Do You Appreciate Choice?

Another reason why you should consider , for your home is that this particular flooring offers a lot of choice. There are a plethora of color options, thread counts, and styles that you can choose from, meaning that you won’t be limited in any way if you choose to install carpet throughout your home. This is just another of the benefits that comes from installing high-quality carpeting in your house.

Toliver’s Carpet One Floor & Home () is a floor covering dealer located in Tempe, AZ since 1943 and carries Area Rugs, Carpeting, Ceramic, Porcelain, Cleaning, Restoration, Cushion, Padding, Fabrics, Bedding, Fibers, Treatments, Flooring Accessories, Installation Materials, Laminate Flooring, Natural Stone Floors, Specialty Floors, Vinyl, Resilient, Wall Coverings, Window Treatment, Wood Flooring. Visit the page on !

Architecture meets Industrial Design

Title: Architecture meets Industrial Design

Text & Photography: Foster + Partners

Blurring the lines between architecture, interior design and industrial design, F+P once again prove that design is seamless and universal

Foster+Partners has proved its design prowess beyond the building industry and carries it forward to designing the interiors and furnishings for a commercial aircraft, drawing on its previous commissions for yachts and private jets.

Following the successful refurbishment of The Wing, Cathay Pacific’s flagship lounge at Hong Kong International Airport, the practice has carried the lounge’s sophisticated design into the first class cabin of the Boeing 777-300ER fleet refreshing the award-winning cabin.

The Wing, which opened earlier this year,is the second in a series of lounges by Foster + Partners for Cathay Pacific at HongKong International Airport. Every detail of the interiors,from the Champagne Bar to the bathroom fittings in the luxurious first class -cabanas’, has been custom-designed by the practice to create an exceptional experience for guests.

Besides the plush interiors, the lounges are furnished with a number of unique pieces designed by Foster + Partners, including a marble reception desk,food counter and a free-standing champagne bar with integrated trays – down to the detail of porcelain plates. Alongside the bespoke products and one-off furniture pieces, The Wing also features the Ilium cylindrical table light, developed with Nemo and the Foster 503 armchair by Walter Knoll.The highlight is the Cathay Solus Chair, the airline’s signature developed with Poltrona Frau that responds to the desire for privacy in the midst of a busy public space with its hourglass form and multi-utility constitution: the circular form incorporates a wide,comfortable seat, an integrated a power supply and a table, which can be used as an informal desk. The ribs of cushion at the back of the chair extend in places to form ridges, which can be used as armrests.

Creating a seamless experience for passengers, the cabin’s design shares the lounge’s palette of warm white leather,reflective dark grey surfaces and walnut finishes to create a calm, understated interior. Every element is considered and refined, including the stitch of the bespoke covers for Cathay Pacific’s celebrated first class seat, the handmade woollen carpet, the refurbished bathrooms and the new reading light, which has been custom-designed to cast fewer shadows when working or dining.

to view images click on globalhop.indiaartndesign.com

Time for a greener architecture

For more articles like the one below please visit us at Plymouth architects

The Gestalt school identified several principles of use to artists and architects, but the most important is that of balance – that is, the constantly shifting balance that balances all opposites within the constantly shifting matrix of reality. Interestingly the principles of form found in the natural world are not dissimilar to the Gestalt principles that also operate in the unselfconscious human building traditions I referred to at the beginning of this article. Vernacular building traditions have evolved slowly over long periods of time and thus possess some of the coherent organic order found also in Nature. As in animal architecture, vernacular architecture possesses an inherent beauty: the beauty of integrity and unity. Such beauty emerges from the totally balanced integration of a system, its function and use into the broader realms of Nature.

So have we stumbled onto the reason why so many modern human-made environments fail to come up to the quality of some older towns and cities? At root the problem seems to lie in the spiritual posture that we adopt with Nature. Many people would now accept that as humans we are completely co-terminal with Nature. However, in claiming ownership, as we do, of that part of Nature that we call -self’, we not only separate ourselves from Nature but also separate ourselves from our own environments. Yogis tell us that the transcendental world of the spirit – the world of unity and pure consciousness – supports the relative world at each point. They tell us that the transcendental realm is a world without qualities yet gives rise to and sustains all qualities. They tell us that it is to be found in the -gap’ between the different states of consciousness: waking, dreaming and sleep; in the silences in music; between syllables in spoken language and even between our thoughts. The great 19th-century Indian holy man Ramakrishna Paramahansa was once asked, -Where do I find God?- His reply was, -Look between two thoughts.- This gap between perfectly balanced opposites is where life and spirit enter the relative world. It is also the vital middle ground between a subject and an object that defines the -mean’ and gives the meaning.

In conclusion we can say that it is order that gives life to a work and it is order that gives a work its spiritual dimension. It is in the perfect orderliness of a great work that the two worlds of materiality and spirit conjoin. Order is the agent that serves as the conduit between these two realms. Dare we say that -orderliness’ is next to -Godliness’?

Plymouth architects

Spanish Mission Art Deco Style Architecture

In the architectural world, just as in the worlds of food, clothing, and design, as styles come together we have whats called fusion. In fusion, often disparate elements come together to create a cohesive union, and sometimes seemingly harmonious elements come together in a not so harmonious way. In terms of architecture, a truly interesting blend happened in the beginning of the 20th century, melding together the elements of Spanish Mission revival style with the hip sleekness of Art Deco.

Art Deco buildings are known for their futuristic, sleek, dramatic, geometric flair. Cubes, zigzags, and futuristic chic came together to express the growing machine age in the United States. In the roaring twenties and early thirties, the jazzy Art Deco architecture was sweeping the nation. The Art Deco style found its inspiration from many different sources. The austere shapes and curves were taken from the Bauhaus School and the streamlined modern technology-looking design was melded with images of icons from the Far East, Greece, Rome, Africa, India, and Mayan and Aztec cultures. But above all these, Art Deco took inspiration from an architectural discovery in Egypt.

In 1922, archaeologist Howard Carter and his sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, thrilled the world with their discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Egypt-chic soon swept the nation and influenced the design of clothes, jewelry, furniture and graphic design. And of course, architecture.

Another style that was popping-up at the same time was the Spanish Mission Revival style, and in California, these two disparate styles found a way to come together in harmony as Hollywood actors were clamoring to get their homes built in the chic Spanish style. California isnt the only place to see the beautiful union of these two styles.
Hawkes Bay has some tremendous Art Deco and Spanish Mission Walks. Hawkes Bay is located in Napier, New Zealand. Following a devastating earthquake in 1931, the whole commercial heart of Napier was destroyed, but the city was about to be reborn in the newest architectural style, and to become the hottest city. In Hawkes Bay, you get to see all the styles right next to each other: Spanish Classic, Spanish mission, and Art Deco, all side by side.

There are also places in the United States that show this great mixture of styles and iconographies. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett, another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.

How to Keep Your Stone Tile Flooring Clean

There is a lot of time, money and thought that goes into purchasing the perfect NYC stone tiles

There are so many different types of stone tile available – slate, marble, quartzite, granite and more. Each one is not only attractive in its own away, but a permanent addition to your home. By cleaning your tile on a regular basis, you can ensure that your family is not breathing in dust and allergy-causing spores, and that your home is looking its best. Stone flooring needs special care, and cannot be washed like linoleum or wood flooring. Certain retail cleaning items can be too harsh on stone flooring and leave behind a nasty residue or film. On the other-hand, using something you already own, say vinegar, can be too acidic for NYC stone tiles to handle, and can create permanent damage and discoloration.

If you want to clean your stone flooring properly, you should follow the following steps: first, you should get a broom and sweep up any loose bits of dirt and debris. Alternately, you can use a vacuum if it is easier – but make sure to switch out the heads on the vacuum, and use a soft-brush attachment to make sure you do not scratch the floor.

Next, you should fill a bucket with hot water and dip a (clean) mop into it. Afterwards, squeeze out any extra water, and clean the floor with it. Repeat as necessary, but remember to continuously dip the mop into the bucket to make sure it stays wet. If your floor is exceptionally dirty, you can add some mild soap to the water and that will help get rid of any sticky messes or deep stains. Do not forget to run a non-soapy mop over the soapy NYC stone tiles, so that your floor will be fully clean.

After you are done mopping the floor, make sure all of the soap residue is gone, and double-check the surface area for any leftover stains. Next, dry the floor with a clean, soft rag to get rid of excess moisture and ensure that the floor is no longer slippery and is fully dry. As with any flooring material, stone tiles are susceptible to dirt and build-up.

By maintaining regular sweeping, soaping and mopping, you can keep your floor clean and looking orderly.

Exclusive Real Estate Choices

As a great deal of progress is happening at every front, the direct impact is very much visible on the infrastructure. It is the rapid pace of development only that has resulted in the infrastructure boom. Owing to all these factors these days there are innumerable options available in terms of real estate.

The requirements for property and real estate have various different reasons. One may have the requirement owing to the professional of business needs. Whereas, on the other hand it can even be a personal property need behind a suitable and relevant requirement. As there is no dearth of requirements from every perspective, similarly there is no deficit of real estate options. In such a scenario it really gets a little difficult to make an apt selection.

Well, to make it a little easy for those who are seeking the exclusive options with respect to good and perfect real estate choices following are some of the best options:

1.Simi Valley Real Estate
2.Moorpark Real Estate
3.Newbury Park Real Estate
4.Thousand Oaks Real Estate
5.Granada Hills Real Estate
6.Chatsworth Real Estate

The best attribute associated with these options is the facility of wide price range. It is not that the spectrum of only one price range is covered by these options. In all the above mentioned options there are various price categories that assure suitable real estate availability for people of diverse socio economic class.

These options are good and exclusive primarily because of the following factors:
“Good Locations- the property locations offered by these real estate options are extremely premier in terms of their site and location.
“Well facilitated – when it comes to various types of requirements that cover the spectrum of daily facilities, these options have most of them to make sure that the property you buy is worth a decent investment.
“Connectivity – The areas of these real estate solutions are well connected with the adjoining places. This assures decent transportation and commuting prospects.
“Economical viability – as the investments that are made in terms of real estate are immensely huge, this factor is always of considerable importance. These options make sure that your investment in terms of property stands viable on economic grounds to the maximum extent possible.
“Modern solutions – another attribute associated with these options is that all of them understand the needs and requirements of the current times. That is why the complete treatment of these solutions is extremely modernized.

The locations of the real estate options mentioned above are some of the exclusive places that are progressing at a very fast pace in terms of all round development. They are very well in a perfect synchronization with the modern requirements. That is why one should not miss out on these exclusive options when thinking in terms of a wise investment in the real estate.